2019 Florida Electric Bicycle Statutes


316.003 Definitions.—The following words and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section, except where the context otherwise requires:

(2) BICYCLE.—Every vehicle propelled solely by human power, and every motorized bicycle propelled by a combination of human power and an electric helper motor capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed of not more than 20 miles per hour on level ground upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels. The term does not include such a vehicle with a seat height of no more than 25 inches from the ground when the seat is adjusted to its highest position or a scooter or similar device. No person under the age of 16 may operate or ride upon a motorized bicycle.

      322.01 Definitions.As used in this chapter:

     (27) “Motor vehicle” means any self-propelled vehicle, including a motor vehicle combination, not operated upon rails or guideway,

excluding vehicles moved solely by human power, motorized wheelchairs, and motorized bicycles as defined in s. 316.003.

          Chapter 322, Florida Statutes, requires the operator of a "motor vehicle" on a highway of the state to have a valid license. As defined under that chapter, "Motor vehicle" is anything that is self-propelled, but does not include bicycles and qualifying "motorized bicycles." In interpreting this definition, Florida appellate courts across the State have taken the view that the law means exactly what it says. Thus, if it is a "moped" powered by gasoline, it requires a license. If the vehicle is powered exclusively by battery, it requires a license.

If the propulsion for the vehicle does not derive from a combination human and electric power, then it requires a license. Only those vehicles falling within the narrow exception provided in Section 322.01(27)(referring to Section 316.003) are exempt from the requirement of a driver's license.
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